•Use of obsolete, inefficient technologies to utilize commercial energy sources.
. Energy cost makes, on an average, 20-40% of the total production cost
. Reluctant to buy EE appliances and equipment
•33% of total manufacturing output of country and 40% of the total exports.
. Employment to more than 11.10 crore people.
. Generally known for using first-era technologies or processes resulting in higher energy intensity.